Why is India still a developing country, and what is stopping it from being a developed country? This question has become so generic today that every Indian is trying to figure out its answer.
For all the social and economic problems, quality education is the best and foremost solution.
Now the question arises – is the backwardness of a country linked to the quality of the education that’s provided there ? The answer is an emphatic YES. According to the report published in DNA
“India has about 550 million population under the age of 25 years, out of which only 11% are enrolled in tertiary institutions, compared to world average of 23%.”
The need of the hour is to focus on why we are lacking in delivering quality education, and what are the corrective measures.
The headlines these days read: “Scaling new heights to deliver cheat sheets” in the case of Bihar, where family and friends were caught passing cheat sheets to their wards in the examination hall. Another news which BBC published a few days ago was titled: “Jail for cheating Atlanta teachers”. Both these news have a common element – malpractices related to education. But, in Atlanta, the teachers got imprisonment of 20 years, whereas, in our nation, these kind of malpractices have become so common that even parents are helping their kids to cheat in exams. Instances like “90 answer keys of AIPMT 2015 leaked”, “AIEEE 2011 got leaked before the exam”, “Civil services exam of U.P got leaked on WhatsApp” show the deteriorating quality of education in India, where the only motive today is to follow the rat race and get admission in professional colleges by hook or by crook.
What the government is not realizing right now is that education, which is the source of human capital, can create wide income inequalities. And due to these income inequalities, the rich will become richer and poor, poorer. Ours is a system which is concerned about quantitative education, and little attention is paid to the quality of education, whereas the main aspect should be quality being offered at school level and college level.
This is the reason why, in spite of having a number of literate people , skilled people who can contribute to the manufacturing sector are very few, and why India is still dependent upon foreign nations for defense equipments and aviation industry. China, in spite of having more population than India, is an emerging super power, because it has the majority of its population indulged in industry and manufacturing. And its industry is contributing 45.3% to GDP. In India, industry is contributing only 18% to GDP. This is because we do not have skilled population, and it is all due to the quality of education being provided.
So directly or indirectly, economic growth is linked to the quality of education being offered. Hence, it is imperative for the government to correct the blemishes in the education system, which will also be a step towards reducing income inequalities.
We all are aware of hypocrisy in Indian system, where everyone wants a government job and government college for professional education, but no one wants to sends their wards to government schools. So, it is necessary to improve education at the grass root level. This can be tackled through common schooling, that is, resources can be shared between private and public schools.
It is important to remember that the quality of education is related to the resources available. The government spends only 3% of GDP on education, which is very less. To improve the quality of education, the government needs to spend more money from its coffers on education. So, thinking about policies which can improve the quality of education in India is a significant step forward.
About The Author
Engineer in the making . Loves to live every moment of her life . Wants to make parents proud And has a dream of doing something so remarkable that the world is unable to forget her