A Call for Identity: 23rd January


This ongoing week marks the 121st birth anniversary of the greatest Indian leader, the face of action, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, on 23rd January. Surprisingly this year, there has been a demand placed by the followers of Netaji to mark his birthday in the calendar of the nation as the “Patriotism Day”. Subsequently, there’s been a great play of words and debates over the concern amongst the political parties.

As a follower of Bose, like anybody else, I would also like to support the call for recognizing the day as Patriotism Day. The left, right or center; the ruling or opposition may have their views of considering the demand. They may have their own reasons for accepting or denying the call. But there are some views and reasons of the common people who want the demand to be accepted. In this context, some views I think should be shared with the common people to make them know about the greatest leader of the nation.

The early 20th century of British India accounted for a huge number of sacrifices of the Indian youth for only one common objective of freedom of India. More than thousands of freedom fighters lost their lives for the nation. Only Bengal accounted for deaths of hundreds of adolescents who lost their lives in the freedom struggle. Then, there was a man born in a well-class Bengali family of merchants. This was Subhash Chandra Bose. With great determination, courage, sharp intellect, and a great contributor to the freedom struggle, Bose always sought that independence could not be obtained through the means of Ahimsa. A war needs to be played with arms and not only thoughts.

He always proposed to have an army to fight the invading Britishers and by God’s grace was later able to create INA. But this led him to be cut off from his own ideals like Gandhi and Nehru. But the thing here to consider is about his identity. Where’s his identity lost now?

If we just have a glimpse of the events of the past, anyone can find that the struggle movements of HSRA were finished by 1931, with the demise of Azad and Bhagat Singh. The Quit India movement was already suspended by that time. No other movement was active at that time to drag the course of the struggle for freedom. Then, why did the British leave the nation?

Well, no one knows what is hidden in the folds of history. The main reason, as given by foreign historians, is that it was the Indian National Army, with Subhash Bose as its face of leadership and Hitler, which resulted in the sudden departure of the British from India.


When Britain lost in World War-II, it was bankrupted in treasures & ammunition and thus it became difficult to continue maintaining its colonies and was forced by its economic and administrative crisis, to leave India in 1948. But then, why did they leave the nation in such a hurry in 1947? Now, this is the actual reason, which was never told to us.

After independence, when General Attley came to meet India’s first Governor, he told the real reason of their departure from the country. He told that it was INA, led by Bose, supported by Germany, who fought on the battlegrounds of South-east Asia during WW-II, for India’s freedom. The deaths of the INA soldiers raged a mutiny among the Indian soldiers in the then British navy. It was this mutiny which revolted the British army and thus, Britain was forced to retreat from India.

But as a usual practice of Indian politics, the reality is never revealed. It’s now 2018 and the relatives of Bose and INA fraternity are still striving hard to give Netaji his identity of the “Real Hero of Freedom”. Will anybody believe that this man had a mind full of ideas to reconstruct a whole new nation? Historians reveal that Bose used to planfor strategies of public administration, governance, police, economy and would have implemented them in India, the moment just after freedom, if he had been given powers to administer. They say Bose would have been in the ruling party or the opposition at any good political position or would have led any NGO or movements after independence, if he had been given a chance. Netaji had a mind just like Bhagat Singh, which was always inquisitive and was able to think beyond the limits of thought. His extreme determination for freedom was what India needed after Bhagat, Azad or Bismil. But we know what happened.

There’s still uncertainty about his death and disappearance. But one thing is clear, as per the history, ifBose had been given a chance, then there would have been no other political leader like him; he could have the taken the nation to new path of happiness and development. It’s only this man who could think, at a global level, of war for achieving freedom.

A great pseudonymist, a good orator, a perfect strategist, Bose is the real legend of the modern India.The man is an inspiration to millions of youngsters. The nation should come up and demand together for his birth anniversary to be considered as“Patriotism Day”.

Though, it’s really hard to cease the vocabulary for praising Netaji for his life, ideology and sacrifices, still to conclude, I would like to add his own thought:


“One individual may die for an idea, but that idea will, after his death, incarnate itself in a thousand lives”  -Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose 

About the Author:

Rajat Dwivedi (UIET, PU Campus)


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